More precisely, we need to speak of the transitive or intransitive usage of particular verbs, since in English, many verbs may be used transitively as well as intransitive. There are verbs which may be transitive or intransitive depending on whether or not there is a direct object to the phrase. These are grammar-wise designated as intransitive and transitive, or, to put it simply, depending whether a verb functions with or without a direct object. In some sentences, the verb may have two objects: In the phrase I gave my dog a biscuit, both my dog and a biscuit are objects to the verb give.
The verb serve may be used in isolation, but this means something very different than the initial intention of the phrase. If a sentence contains an action word without any objects, and yet the sentence still makes sense, the action word is an intransitive verb. When someone asks you about the meaning of transitive verbs, you may want to explain that these are action words that need an object in order to make a full sentence. A transitive verb is a verb that has an action to use with respect to an object, and in using a verb, only makes sense when the verb is passing an action onto the object.
We can recognise an intransitive verb if it makes sense either alone (without an immediate object) or is followed by an adverb or a preposition. An intransitive verb involves just one subject. In the examples below, transitive verbs are highlighted, while the direct object (i.e., the thing being acted on) is in bold. Since transitive verbs are contrasted to intransitive verbs, let us take a look at a few intransitive ones. In English, the indirect object can occur in-between a transitive verb and a direct object, like the first example sentence about Donovan, or the indirect object can occur in the form of a prepositional phrase, as the second example sentence about Donovan. The indirect object relates to, or is intended by, whom an action is performed, even though the words for are not used.
We know this because in the first example, there is no direct object needed to perform an action, in the first example, the adverb is followed, in the last example, a preposition is followed. In each example, a subject is performing the action, and there is an object receiving the action. In the first sentence, relax is an intransitive verb, since the subject is not performing an action to something or someone. When we write sentences or clauses in passive voice, the subject is having some action performed to them, rather than performing an action.
As you read each example, consider which is the direct object of the sentence or clause, or whether a verb is being used in the passive voice. When writing the sentence, take note of what the action the sentence is trying to communicate, then check to make sure that your verbs are portraying it accurately. By understanding how verbs are classified and connected to the rest of your sentence, you are doing a lot more than just writing grammar. Some tools that you can use include a dictionary, since a decent one will point out if a verb is transitive or not.
Most dictionaries will indicate whether a verb is transitive or non-transitive, so you can check whatever terms you are using in your writing to see whether it can accept an object (or is used without an object). An Intransitive Verb Transitive verbs also occur within direct objects of other transitive verbs. Here are a few examples of Intransitive Verbs (shaded). As we have just seen with, it can be difficult to tell if a verb is transitive or intransitive, since some verbs may be both. Becoming fluent in transitive and intransitive verbs also involves knowing how they work with direct and indirect objects. You cannot make something sneeze, and you definitely cannot make something laugh; the object cannot go through the two examples with the intransitive-only verb.
There are many English verbs which can be only intransitive; they would never make any sense when combined with an object. There is nothing intrinsically wrong with intransitive verbs, and sometimes they are a better choice for a sentence, but they do have the effect of slowing the natural flow of the letter. There are several different types of verbs we use when saying or writing sentences, but our Catty sentences all use one kind of verb called the transitive verb. Let us create a passive sentence using a non-transitive verb. A transitive verb gets its name from the idea that the action has to pass through it to an object in order for it to finish its meaning. The meaning of a transitive verb does not always pass to only the direct object.
Transitive or intransitive can describe a verb based on whether or not it requires an object in order to express the full idea. This refers to whether a verb requires an object to do an action with to express a complete thought. You will also find the verb, that is, the act or state of being spoken, connecting two words, or sometimes one and one.
Our brains are trained to recognize this action-transference from the verb to a directed object automatically, but that also means if we are not seeing this unconsciously, we are probably losing interest in what we are reading. I often stop, halfway through a sentence, staring blankly off into the distance, considering how a verb sounds when combined with surrounding words, its context in our language beyond the sentence in which I am trying to use it, and whether or not it is hitting the tone I am going for that particular part. Identify if the verbs in the following sentences are transitive or intransitive, and if the objects (if they are present) are direct or indirect.